Finland has been declared the happiest country in the world four times in a row if we weigh it on the set parameters of happiness. This time let’s know in the country language – about the traditional costumes of the European country Finland.
Finland is the first country in the world to give women the right to vote (in 1906). It is also called the home of Santa Claus. Situated in northern Europe, it shares borders with Russia to the east, Sweden to the west, and Norway to the north. The national costume of Finland is very interesting and colorful. Being a northern European country, it has extremely cold weather, so people wear warm clothes. Accessories are used to decorate clothes, which are made of leather and metal. Apart from this, the embroideries done with bright colors, clothes are also decorated with beautiful silk fabrics. The clothes of the rich of Finland used to be very beautiful and prized. But in those days the clothes of the poor were no less attractive. People used to choose bright and bright colors of their clothes and adorn them with the accessories they had around them. The people here wear traditional clothes during festivals and festivals.
Most Popular Dress Singati
People living in the northern region of Finland wear it. Singing is also prevalent in Sweden and Norway. Basically it is the dress of the Sami people living in the Nordic region. The Sami keep reindeer. Before reindeer skin, gakti was made, but in modern times it is made from cotton, silk and wool. Pants are worn with a loose shirt or tunic in Gakti. With it tie a leather belt. Their colors are also traditional, such as green, blue, red and white. Each Gakati has some special markings, which indicate to which region and family they belong. The weaving pattern on tunics, shawls and belts differs from region to region. Gakti is worn for special occasions as well as for everyday activities. The main attraction of the Gakti is the decoration done in it, especially on the collar. Its high collar is embroidered with gold, silver or other metal and various sizes of brooches are attached. Gakti is also decorated with fur. The shawl worn with brooches has been popular in America for decades, but is not worn over fur like the gakti. Special types of boots are worn with Gakti. Made of leather and fur, these pointed boots have a dramatic curve. Shoe laces are definitely hand woven, which are made with matching Gakti.
Inspired by Santa’s costume
The red-and-white costume of Santa Claus first came into existence in 1930, when a Swedish painter created the modern Santa’s uniform for Coca-Cola’s ad campaign. It is very similar to Gakti. It is shown wearing a tunic-style jacket shirt, with fur fringed sides, with a leather belt. Not only this, the clothes and pointed shoes of the Christmas elves also match the Sami people.
Yes, traditional men’s clothing includes shirts, trousers (full or knee-length knickerbockers), waistcoats, jackets or coats, headdresses, scarves, and shoes with lace or buckles. Men’s shirts are similar to women’s tunics, except they are shorter in length. Their headdresses and hats are made from wool, leather and fur.
Women’s traditional clothing includes smock (a loose dress like an apron), shirt, cotton blouse, vest or bodies, jacket, apron, scarf, headdress (cape, headband, hat, etc.) and shoes. Here women wear the traditional long tunic with a belt (leather or hand-woven). The shawl with fringe is adorned with the help of several silver brooches. In winter, a cape or pesk made of fur is worn before the shawl.
Colorful embroidery is the hallmark
Finnish fabrics are recognized for their vibrant colours, beautiful embroidery and stripes patterns. Very beautiful colors of stripes are seen in men’s and women’s clothes. Stripes fabric is used to make shirts, waistcoats and skirts. Accessories include jewellery, belts, handkerchiefs etc. The embroidery done in clothes here also tells the economic condition of the person.
cap only for married women
The Western Finnish costume and Karelia (in Finnish the historical province of Karjala, Finland, which joined the Soviet Union after the 1939–40 war) have many similarities and some differences. Western Finnish dress consists of a high collar smock, shirt with stripes, apron, wool jacket and black shoes with white socks. The carnelian costume is heavily decorated. Also the size of the head is smaller in comparison to the western Finnish costume. Here the cap is worn only by married women. Both of these costumes belong to the Viking tradition and have Swedish influence on them.